A comprehensive glossary of common terms used in eLearning and online training.
ADDIE is an acronym for Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation. The ADDIE model is a framework used by eLearning professionals to create course content. ADDIE offers a traditional, yet still widely used, approach to instructional design. It involves five steps:
Recently, a new instructional design framework has been developed called SAM (Successive Approximation Model).
An adult learning theory term widely used by an American educator named Malcolm Shepherd Knowles. Knowles used the term synonymously with adult education. This methodology moves away from a teacher-centric approach toward a more learner-centric or collaborative learning relationship between learner, teacher and peers, usually in an informal adult learning environment. Knowles’ theory suggests that with maturity comes greater self-directedness and autonomy.
A situation created when an instructor or trainer delivers too much information to learners all at once, making it difficult for learners to process the information. When this occurs, the learning activity’s processing demands surpass the learner’s processing capacity. The result is stress and anxiety, which causes a negative learning experience.
To combat this problem, educators developed a methodology called microlearning.
Training that educates employees on regulations, laws and company policies. The goal of compliance training typically is to:
Examples of compliance training topics include workplace discrimination and harassment, safety training, record management etc.
A global standard for evaluating training effectiveness. It considers training across four levels:
The understanding that each individual learns differently. A person’s “learning style” refers to their preferred way of consuming, processing, comprehending and retaining information. Learning styles are commonly grouped into seven categories:
The evaluation of specific skills and competencies conducted via the web. Online assessments are also known as e-assessments and may consist of quizzes, questionnaires, assignments or surveys.
SCORM is an acronym for Sharable Content Object Reference Model. The Sharable Content Object part of the term refers to the units of online learning material the learning management system (LMS) intends to impart to learners. In essence, the “SCOs” are the building blocks of digital instruction.
Simply put, SCORM is a standard that ensures instructional content will link with and appear correctly within the LMS if both the instructional content and the LMS are SCORM compliant. Therefore, if an LMS provider labels its product as SCORM compliant, users are assured that the selected LMS will integrate with the SCORM-compliant content creation platform used to develop the courses.
This is an abridged version of the SCORM definition. For a comprehensive look at SCORM, see the full definition.
Proposed as a more agile approach to eLearning development than the widely known ADDIE process, SAM focuses on an iterative method. This method offers benefits such as greater visibility to the project team and a faster time to launch. Using a cyclical process, SAM encompasses two models:
Research, insight, and best practices from the intersection of performance and learning.